St. Aubin Wall Fountain -Cast Stone

Fountains have been used for centuries as a decorative and functional element in gardens, parks, and public spaces. They add beauty, tranquility, and a sense of elegance to any outdoor setting. One of the most important aspects of a fountain is the materials used to make it. 

The materials used to make a fountain can vary greatly depending on the style, size, and location of the fountain. Some of the most common materials used include stone, concrete, metal, and glass. Stone fountains, for example, are often made from granite, marble, or limestone, while concrete fountains are typically made from a mixture of cement, sand, and water. Metal fountains, on the other hand, can be made from copper, bronze, or stainless steel, and glass fountains can be made from tempered glass.

Understanding the materials used to make a fountain is important for anyone who is interested in purchasing or designing one. By understanding the properties and characteristics of different materials, you can make an informed decision about which type of fountain will best suit your needs and preferences. 

When it comes to creating a beautiful fountain, there are many different materials that can be used to achieve the desired look and feel. Let's explore some of the most common materials used in fountain construction.

Cast Stone

Cast stone is a popular choice for fountains due to its durability and ability to mimic the look of natural stone. This material is composed of a blend of cement, fine aggregates, and pigments, which together create a sturdy and versatile substance. Due to its malleability when mixed, cast stone can be shaped into a diverse array of sizes and designs, ranging from simple and elegant to intricate and complex, catering to a broad spectrum of aesthetic preferences. Its composition makes it inherently resistant to the rigors of outdoor environments, including weathering from elements such as rain, wind, and sunlight.

This resistance to fading and deterioration ensures that cast stone fountains maintain their aesthetic appeal over long periods, making them an excellent choice for outdoor water features in gardens, patios, or other exterior spaces.

St. Aubin Wall Fountain -Cast Stone

Natural Stones - Marble, Basalt, Granite

For a more natural look, many fountains are made from natural stones such as marble, basalt, and granite. These materials are known for their durability and ability to withstand the elements. They can also be polished to a high shine or left in their natural state for a more rustic look. These stone materials are prized for their long-lasting durability, easily withstanding harsh weather conditions and the wear and tear of outdoor settings. Their robust nature ensures that the fountain maintains its beauty and structural integrity over time.

Depending on the desired visual effect, these stones can be polished to achieve a high shine, imparting an elegant and sophisticated appearance to the fountain. Alternatively, leaving them in their natural, unpolished state can lend a rugged, rustic charm to the setting, blending seamlessly with the organic textures of a garden or landscape.

Tamaishi Stone Garden Fountain


Ceramic fountains are highly sought after for their exceptional versatility, allowing them to be shaped into numerous designs that cater to diverse aesthetic preferences. The ability of ceramic material to be crafted into various sizes and shapes makes these fountains suitable for different spaces, from cozy patios to expansive gardens.

Glazed ceramic fountains, in particular, offer an additional benefit of durability, with their finish providing resistance against weather elements and wear. These fountains are not just functional water features but also act as vibrant art pieces, bringing a burst of color that can enliven any outdoor setting. The visual appeal of these colorful, glazed ceramics enhances the overall ambiance of a garden or outdoor area, seamlessly blending artistry with the natural environment.

Daralis Ceramic Fountain

GFRC- Glass Fiber Reinforced Concrete

GFRC, short for Glass Fiber Reinforced Concrete, is an advanced composite material that combines the strength and durability of concrete with the lightweight properties of fiberglass. This unique combination makes GFRC an ideal choice for crafting intricate and elaborate designs in fountains, as it allows for finer detailing and more complex shapes than traditional concrete. Its lightweight nature not only facilitates easier installation and handling but also reduces the structural demands on the supporting surfaces.

GFRC is highly resistant to weathering, which means it can withstand harsh outdoor conditions like rain, sun, and temperature variations without deteriorating. Additionally, it possesses excellent resistance to fading, ensuring that the aesthetic appeal of the fountain is maintained over time, even when exposed to the elements, making it a superb choice for outdoor water features.

GFRC Hollow Springs Fountain Rock


Metal fountains, particularly those crafted from materials like copper or steel, are renowned for their ability to impart a sleek and contemporary aesthetic to outdoor spaces. These metals offer great flexibility in design, allowing for a wide range of shapes and sizes that can fit various landscape themes, from modern minimalist to more intricate and ornate styles. The inherent qualities of metals like copper and steel mean they can be fashioned into both traditional and avant-garde designs, making them versatile choices for different tastes.

In their natural state, these metals develop a unique patina over time, adding character and depth to the fountain’s appearance. Alternatively, they can be painted or treated with different finishes, offering endless possibilities for customization and creating a distinctive look that complements the surrounding environment.

Pillar Floor Metal Fountain

Considerations for Material Selection

When selecting a material for a fountain, there are several factors to consider. These include durability, aesthetics, and weight and size. By taking these factors into account, you can choose a material that will best suit your needs and preferences.

Durability Factors

Durability is an important consideration when selecting a material for a fountain, especially if it will be placed outdoors. Stone and concrete are both popular choices for their durability, as they can withstand harsh weather conditions and require minimal maintenance. Metal fountains, such as those made of bronze or copper, are also durable and can develop a unique green patina finish over time. These materials are also good in resisting algae growth.

Aesthetic Factors

Aesthetic factors are another important consideration when selecting a material for a fountain. Stone and concrete fountains are popular for their natural appearance, and can complement a variety of home and garden styles. Metal fountains can add a unique and modern touch to a space. Glass and ceramic fountains can also be visually striking, but may be more delicate and require more maintenance.

Weight and Size Factors

Weight and size are important factors to consider when selecting a material for a fountain. Large stone fountains can be impressive focal points in a garden or yard, but may be difficult to move or install. Smaller fountains, such as those made of glass or ceramic, can be ideal for small gardens or patios. Metal fountains can be lightweight and easy to move, but may require additional support to prevent tipping over.

Overall, when selecting a material for a fountain, it is important to consider your specific needs and preferences, as well as the environment in which the fountain will be placed. By taking these factors into account, you can choose a material that will be both durable and aesthetically pleasing, and that will complement your home and garden style.


Fountains, with their beauty and unique design, are excellent additions to any home or garden, significantly improving garden aesthetics. They can be made from a variety of materials, each with their own benefits and drawbacks. Some popular materials include stone, concrete, metal, and ceramic. Stone and concrete are durable and long-lasting, while metal and ceramic offer a sleek and modern look.

Selecting a fountain design that complements your outdoor space is vital. Ensure the design includes sufficiently high edges to prevent water loss effectively.

For those looking for a DIY project, there are many materials that can be used to create a unique fountain. Recycled materials such as old pots, pans, and pipes can be repurposed to create a one-of-a-kind fountain that is both functional and environmentally friendly.

Overall, the choice of material for a fountain should be based on personal preference, budget, and the overall aesthetic of the home or garden. With a little research and creativity, anyone can create a beautiful and unique fountain that is sure to impress.

Fountain materials